Wai Tong CHIEN

Vice-Director of Research /
Professor


Qualifications PhD, MPhil, PGDip (NEd), BN (Hons), RMN, RTN, FAAN, FHKAN
Tel (852) 3943 8172
Email wtchien@cuhk.edu.hk
Research Expertise Mental health, family and psychosocial interventions for psychotic disorders, systematic review and instrument validation
Researcher ID F-9604-2014
ORCID 0000-0001-5321-5791
Scopus ID 7005812880

Biography

Professor Wai Tong CHIEN is the Vice-Director of Research and the Chairperson of Research Committee in the Nethersole School of Nursing at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). He is also the co-Chair of Cochrane Hong Kong, an Affiliate of Cochrane. He was the Professor in School of Nursing (2010-18), and was appointed as Associate Head (2014-17) and Associate Dean (2017-18), Faculty of Health and Social Sciences at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU). As an advanced mental health nursing practitioner and active researcher, Prof. Chien has strived to improve mental health in his native Hong Kong SAR, China in the past 30 years through research, advocacy and mental health promotion. He has established and tested the effects of psycho-education, motivational interviewing, mindfulness-based, bibliotherapy, mutual support, and other psychosocial intervention programmes for community-resided people with mental health problems and their family members in Chinese communities.

Prof. Chien has been an active academia and researcher and led the Mental Health Research Groups for the past 20 years and provided consultancy and staff training in non-government mental health care agencies in Hong Kong, mainland China and South East Asia. He obtained the Fellowship of American Academy of Nursing (2018) and grandfather Fellowship of Hong Kong Academy of Nursing in Education and Research (2012). He also received the Excellent Research Award from the Health and Medical Research Fund, Food and Health Bureau in 2018 and the Research Scholarship Award (Community Leader), Pi Iota Chapter, The Sigma Theta Tau International Honour Society of Nursing in 2009. Moreover, he had got the honours of Distinguished Alumni of Schools of Nursing at The CUHK (Mar 2017) and The HKPolyU (July 2017). He has contributed to the development of education curriculum, licensure and practice guidelines of psychiatric/mental health nursing and reviews of research proposals/publications in national/international nursing councils and/or funding bodies.

Prof. Chien has also served as editors and editorial board members of international refereed nursing and healthcare journals. He has obtained over 35 external competitive and 20 collaborative health research grants with over HKD22,000,000 (>US$2,800,000) and published >160 articles in peer-reviewed international nursing and psychiatric care journals and substantial numbers of conference papers and book chapters.

Awards, Honours, and Achievements

Teaching Awards

  • Overseas Scholarship Scheme (Teaching Development) and Implementation Fund, Teaching and Learning Grant, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Feb 2015 – 31 Jul 2016), Topic "Learning and sharing in mental health nursing education and research"
  • Teacher of the Year Awards 2008-09 and 2006-07, BN Year 3, and 2003-04, BN Year 4, Faculty of Medicine, CUHK

Research Awards

  • Excellent Research Award, Health and Medical Research Fund, Food and Health Bureau, The Government of the Hong Kong SAR, The PR China, presented at the Health Research Symposium 2019 (12 June 2019)
  • International Faculty Mobility Scheme (Outbound) for 2019-20, Office of Academic Links, The CUHK (Visit to La Trobe University, Australia for 7 days) for research collaboration
  • Awards for the Best Oral Presentation, The 20th and 21th East Asian Forum of Nursing Scholars (EAFONS) in 2017 and 2018, respectively.
  • Postgraduate Research Sponsorship, Pi Iota Chapter, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing (May 2014)
  • Research Scholarship Award 08-09 (Community Leader), Pi Iota Chapter, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing (30 May 09)
  • Staff Development Grant 2002/03 and 2004/2005 provided to pursue the PhD programme at the King’s College London, under the CY Kwan/ Lee Hysan Foundation Endowment Funds/ Sino-British Fellowship Trust Fund

Industry Awards

  • Project coordinator, on a grant of HK$924,000 funded by the Professional Services Advancement Support Scheme (“PASS”「專業服務協進支援計劃」), Commerce, Industry and Tourism Branch of the Commence and Economic Development Bureau, The Government of The Hong Kong SAR for the project “Paving the way for and achieving excellence on evidence-informed health care in the Belt and Road regions”
  • Outstanding Nursing Alumni, School of Nursing (The 40th Anniversary), Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (October 2017)
  • Distinguished Alumni Award, The Nethersole School of Nursing 25th Anniversary Outstanding Alumni Awards, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (8 October 2016)
  • Grandfather Fellow (March 2012), Hong Kong College of Education and Research in Nursing, the College member of The Hong Kong Academy of Nursing

Honours

  • Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (November 2018)
  • Grandfather Fellow of Hong Kong Academy of Nursing in Education and Research (March 2012)
  • Nominated Nurse Leader (HK), Global Nursing Leadership Institute programme 2011, International Council of Nurses, Geneva, Switzerland (Sep 2011)
Grants

(in the capacity of Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator)

Funding BodyProject Title
NICHE Research Grant 2019/20201. Embodying a compassionate self through Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for parents and children with eczema: A family-based eczema management programme
Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SIE) Fund2. ACT for families of children with autism
General Research Fund (GRF)Effectiveness of a Family-facilitated Self-Learning for Caregiving Program for Adult Family Carers of People with First-episode Psychosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial with 18-month Follow-up
AHKNS Professional Development FundDCP for People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care Setting
Food and Health BureauProvision of Training Service for Regularised Dementia Community Support Scheme
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundAn Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Professional-supported Problem-solving-based Self-learning Program for Family Carers of People with Recent-onset Psychosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial
The 2017 Sigma Theta Tau International Small GrantsEffects of a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for family caregivers of people with dementia in stress reduction: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Research Grants Council - General Research FundEvaluation of an individualized exercise programme plus behavioural change enhancement strategies for managing general fatigue in community dwelling frail older people: A cluster-randomized controlled trial
International Research Network (IRN), Thailand Research Fund, Royal Thai GovernmentThai Health Improvement Profile intervention to prevent weight gain in people with first- episode psychosis (HIP-T First)
Faculty Development Scheme, RGC Competitive Research Funding Schemes for Local Self-financing Degree SectorEffectiveness of the Mental Health First Aid programme for nursing students in Hong Kong
Food and Health Bureau - Health Care and Promotion Fund [Seed Funding Scheme]Promoting mental health literacy in aging: identifying depressive symptoms through photos
Professor Ida Martinson Project FundEffectiveness of peer-delivered interventions for people with severe mental illness: A systematic review
Internal Competitive Research FundLaughter Yoga for Improving Depression, Anxiety and Stress in People Diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder: A Feasibility Study
Collaborative Research between Peking University Institute of Mental Health/Sixth Hospital and FHSSFrom prevention to community integration: Service models, intervention strategies and outcome evaluation for recovery from severe mental illness in Chinese communities (Hong Kong and Peking)
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundA longitudinal cohort study on physical and mental health of hidden youths and adults living with hikikomori (hermetic) lifestyle
Research Grants Council - General Research FundA randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based psycho-education program for people with recent-onset psychosis
Research Grants Council - General Research FundPower dynamics in the student-teacher relationship: The voices of nursing students
Faculty Development Scheme, RGC Competitive Research Funding Schemes for Local Self-financing Degree SectorExploring family caregiving experiences and identifying the process of the ageing carers’ planning for continuation of care for the community-dwelling person with intellectual disability
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundAn evaluation of the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based illness management program for Chinese patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial
Internal Competitive Research FundAssociations between lifestyle behaviours and psychosocial health conditions in Hong Kong adolescents: A cross-sectional and cross-cultural study
2015 Griffith University and The HK PolyU Collaborative Research Grant SchemeUse of a mindfulness-based intervention for family carers of people with dementia in the community: A feasibility study
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundExperience of post-discharge community life of patients with mental illness from the Integrated Community Centre for Mental Wellness (ICCMW): A qualitative exploration
Research Grants Council - General Research FundA randomised controlled trial of problem-solving based bibliotherapy program for family caregivers of people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders
Angel S.P. Chan Lau Endowed FundThe effectiveness of acupressure for the management of depressive symptoms and mental health problems in elderly people: a randomised controlled trial
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundTesting the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of Dementia Management Strategies Scale among family caregivers in Hong Kong
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Medical Research FundAn evaluation of the effectiveness of adherence therapy for patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial
CMB Young Faculty Health Policy and System Science Training Project, China Medical Board 991 ProjectAdaptation and assessment of the Family-based Assertive Community Treatment model for the treatment of schizophrenia in China: A randomized controlled trial
Food and Health Bureau - Health and Health Services Research FundTesting the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Level of Expressed Emotion scale and assessing families' expressed emotion in severe mental illness
Internal Competitive Research Bidding ExerciseA feasibility study on a nurse-led Cognitive-Behavioural-based programme for adults with depression
Food and Health Bureau - Commissioned Research on Mental Health Policy and ServicesA prospective cohort study on perceived stigmatization of patients with mental illness and its psychosocial correlates
Food and Health Bureau - Commissioned Research on Mental Health Policy and ServicesEvaluation of health outcomes, community resources for health and supportive strategies for persons with severe mental illness over a period of 12 months after discharge
Hong Kong Paediatric FoundationAn Observational Study of School Policy and Practices in relation to Prevention of Childhood Obesity in Primary and Secondary School Students
Internal Competitive Research Bidding ExerciseAn evaluation of post-triage nurse-led clinic for clients with mental health problems newly referred to psychiatric outpatient clinic
Food and Health Bureau - Health Care and Promotion Fund Seed Funding Scheme'Growing in Happiness’'- Mental health promotion programme for children with mentally ill parent(s)

Selected Publications

Publication
Bressington, D., Mui, J., Yu, C., Leung, S.F., Cheung, K., Wu, C.S.T., Bollard, M., & Chien, W.T. (2019). Feasibility of a group-based Laughter Yoga intervention as an adjunctive treatment for residual symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in people with depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 248 (2019), 42-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.030
Chien, W.T. , Cheng, H.Y., McMaster, T.W., Yip, A.L.K., & Wong, J.C.L. (2019). Effectiveness of a mindfulness-based psychoeducation group programme for early-stage schizophrenia: An 18-month randomised controlled trial. Schizophrenia Research, 212, 140-149. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2019.07.053
Chien, W.T. , Clifton, A.V., Zhao, S., Lui, S. (2019). Peer support for people with schizophrenia or other serious mental illness. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), CD010880. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010880.pub2.
Ho, G. W. K., Chan, A. C. Y., Chien, W. T. , Bressington, D. T., Karatzias, T. (2019). Examining patterns of adversity in Chinese young adults using the Adverse Childhood Experiences-International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ). Child Abuse & Neglect, 88, 179-188. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.009.
Ho, G.W.K., Karatzias, T., Cloitre, M., Chan, A.C.Y., Bressingtpon, D., Chien, W.T. , Hyland, P., & Shevlin, M. (2019). Translation and validation of the Chinese ICD-11 International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10 (1), 1608718. Doi: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1608718
Hsieh, W.L., Lee, S.K., Chien, W.T. , Liu, W.I., Lai, C.Y., & Liu, C.Y. (2019). Mediating effect of the motivation for medication use on disease management and medication adherence among community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia. Patient Adherence and Preference, 13, 1877-1887. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S218553
Kor, P.P.K., Lui, J.Y.W., & Chien, W.T. (2019). Effects of a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for family caregivers of people with dementia: A pilot randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 98, 107-117. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.02.020
Lam, S. K., Kwong, E. W., Hung, M. S., Pang, S. M., Chien, W.T. (2019). Emergency nurses' perceptions of their roles and practices during epidemics: a qualitative study. British Journal of Nursing, 28 (8), 523-527. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2019.28.8.523.
Lam, S. K. K., Kwong, E. W. Y., Hung, M. S. Y., Pang, S. M. C., Chien, W.T. (2019). A qualitative descriptive study of the contextual factors influencing the practice of emergency nurses in managing emerging infectious diseases. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1):1626179. doi: 10.1080/17482631.2019.1626179.
Lee, R.L.T., Chien, W.T. , Tanida, K., Takeuchi, S., Rutja, P., Kwok, S.W.H. & Lee, P.H. (2019). The association between demographic characteristics, lifestyle health behaviours and quality of life among adolescents in Asia Pacific region. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (13), 2324. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph16132324
Li, Y., Bressington, D., & Chien, W.T. (2019). Pilot evaluation of a coping-oriented supportive programme for people with spinal cord injury during inpatient rehabilitation. Disability and Rehabilitation, 41 (2), 182-190. Doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1386238.
Molasiotis, A., Suen, L., Lai, C., Chan, B., Wat, K.H.Y., Tang, J., To, K., Leung, C., Lee, S., Lee, P. & Chien, W.T. (2019). The effectiveness of acupressure in the management of depressive symptoms and in improving quality of life in older people living in the community: A randomised sham-controlled trial. Aging and Mental Health, March 14, 1-9. Doi: 10.1080/13607863.2019.1584789
Temesgen, W.A., Chien, W.T. , & Bressington, D. (2019). Conceptualizations of subjective recovery from recent onset psychosis and its associated factors: A systematic review. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13 (2), 181-193. doi: 10.1111/eip.12698.
Temesgen, W.A., Chien, W.T. , & Bressington, D. (2019). Factors influencing subjective recovery of people with recent-onset psychosis: A cross-sectional study in a low-income Sub-Saharan country. Psychiatry Research, 274, 421-429. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.066.
Yuen, J.W.M., Wong, V.C.W., Tam W.W.S., So, K.W., Chien, W.T. (2019). A one-year prospective follow-up study on the health profile of hikikomori living in Hong Kong. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 546. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16040546
Chien, W. T. , Bressington, D., Chan, S. W. C. (2018). A Randomized Controlled Trial on Mutual Support Group Intervention for Families of People With Recent-Onset Psychosis: A Four-Year Follow-Up. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 710. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00710.
Bressington, D., Yu, C., Wong, W., Ng, T. C., Chien, W. T. (2018). The effects of group-based Laughter Yoga interventions on mental health in adults: A systematic review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 25 (8), 517-527. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12491.
Cheung, T., Mui, J., Ho, Y. S. J., & Chien, W.T. (2018). A scale for the management of aggressive and violent behaviour. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7), 1496. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15071496.
Chan, A.H.L., Wong, S.Y.S., & Chien, W.T. (2018). A prospective cohort study of community functioning among psychiatric outpatients. Psychiatry Research, 259, 125-134. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.10.019
Kor, P.P.P., Chien, W.T., Liu, J.Y.W., & Lai, C.K.Y. (2018). Mindfulness-based intervention for stress reduction of family caregivers of people with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 9(1), 7-22. Doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0751-9
Chien, W.T., Bressington, D., Yip, A., & Karatzias, T. (2017). An international multi-site, randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness-based psycho-education group program for people with schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 47(12), 2081-2096. Doi: 10.1017/S0033291717000526
Chien, W.T., Thompson, D.R., Lubman, D.I., & McCann, T.V. (2016). A randomized controlled trial of clinician-supported problem-solving bibliotherapy for family caregivers of people with first-episode psychosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 42(6), 1457-1466. Doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbw054
Chien, W.T., Liu, J.Y.W., Yip, A.L.K., & McMaster, T.W. (2016). The effectiveness of manual-guided, problem-solving-based self-learning programme for family caregivers of people with recent-onset psychosis: A randomised controlled trial with 6-month follow-up. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 59, 141-155. Doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.03.018
Chien, W.T., & Bressington, D. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of a nurse-led structured psychosocial intervention program for people with first-onset mental illness in psychiatric outpatient clinics. Psychiatry Research, 229, 277-286. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.012
Chien, W.T., & Thompson, D.R. (2014). Effects of a mindfulness-based psycho-education programme for Chinese patients with schizophrenia: Two-year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 205, 52-59. Doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.134635
Chien, W.T., Yeung, F.K.K., & Chan, A.H.L. (2014). Perceived stigma of patients with severe mental illness in Hong Kong: Relationships with patients’ psychosocial conditions and attitudes of family caregivers and health professionals. Administration and Policy in Mental Health & Mental Health Services Research, 41(2), 237-251. Doi: 10.1007/s10488-012-0463-3
Chien, W.T., & Lee, Y.M.I. (2010). The schizophrenia care management program for family caregivers of Chinese patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services, 61(3), 317-320. Doi: 10.1176/ps.2010.61.3.317
Chien, W.T., & Norman, I. (2009). The effectiveness and active ingredients of mutual support groups for family caregivers of people with psychotic disorders: A literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46 (12), 1604-1623. Doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.04.003
Chien, W.T., Chan, W.C.S., & Thompson, D. R. (2006). Effects of a mutual support group for families of Chinese people with schizophrenia: 18-month follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 189, 41-49. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.008375
Chien, W.T., Chan, C.W.H., Lam, L.W., & Kam, C.W. (2005). Psychiatric inpatients’ perceptions of positive and negative aspects of physical restraint. Patient Education and Counselling, 59(1), 80-86. Doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2004.10.003

External Service

Professional & Community Service

  • External examiner, Higher Diploma in Nursing programmes in Hospital Authority Hong Kong (May 2019 – May 2022)
  • Member, The International Trauma Consortium, a collaboration of researchers and clinicians with the aim of advancing research in global psycho-traumatology through improved methods of describing, assessing, explaining, and treating trauma-related psychopathology
  • Member, The Cochrane, is a global independent network of researchers, professionals, patients, carers and people interested in health
  • Founding member of the Asia Pacific Child and Adolescent Health Research Network (Australia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand)
  • Member, Research Committee, Nethersole Institute of Continuing Holistic Health Education (NICHE), appointed by the Steering Committee of NICHE (1 May 19 – 31 Mar 21)
  • Member, Working Group for establishing the 'Guide to Good Nursing Practice - Physical Restraint' and Task Force for review of the guide to 'Physical Restraint', Professional Development Committee, Nursing Council of Hong Kong
  • Member (Scientific advisor), the Grant Review Board of the Research Council of Food and Health Bureau, The HKSAR Government for the Health and Medical Research Fund and Health Care and Promotion Scheme
  • Chairperson (Sep 2019 – now) and Member (Nov 15 – Aug 19), School Advisory Board, School of Nursing, Tung Wah College

Editorial Service

  • Editor-in-Chief, The Open Nursing Journal, Bentham Science Publishers
  • Associate Editor for Public Mental Health specialty section of Frontiers of Psychiatry, Frontiers in Public Health and Frontiers in Sociology
  • Associate Editor, Trials, BioMed Central Ltd
  • Editorial board members, Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, Dovepress; Journal of Nursing Interventions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; Asian Nursing Research, Korean Society of Nursing Science & Elsevier Ltd; International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, eContent Management Pty Ltd.
  • Author-in-Residence, Nurse Author & Editor, Wiley-Blackwell Ltd.

Honorary Academic/ Clinical Appointments

  • Visiting Professor, School of Nursing, Guangzhou Medical University, PR China (Jun 19 – Jun 22)
  • Honorary Visiting Professor, La Trobe University, Australia (Jul – Dec 2019)
  • Member, Expert Advisory Panel in Mental Health (31 Aug 2018 - 30 Sep 2020), Health and Medical Research Fund, Research Office, Food and Health Bureau, The Government of the HKSAR, The PR China to provide advisory support to the HMRF.
  • Expert Advisor, The Ombudsman, Hong Kong, 30/F., China Merchants Tower, Shun Tak Centre, H.K.
  • Member, Examination Panel of the Hong Kong College of Education and Research in Nursing